About Contact Us FAQ, DIY etc. Home Products Support WebMail WebSites

FIFA Soccer
Laws of the Game


So who or what is FIFA?

FIFA is he International Federation of Association Football (French: Fédération Internationale de Football Association). It's usual English pronunciation is: /ˈfiːfə/). It is the international governing body of association football. Its headquarters are located in Zürich, Switzerland, and its current president is Sepp Blatter.

FIFA is responsible for the organization and governance of football's major international tournaments.  FIFA has 208 member associations.

The  soccer world cup in South Africa is organized and governed by FIFA.

So who or what is Soccer?

Soccer (football) is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players using a round or spherical ball. It is considered the most popular sport in the world.

The two teams compete to get the ball into the other team's goal (between the posts and under the bar). The team that manages to put the ball between he oponents goal scores a goal. The team that has scored the most goals by the end of the match (Game) is the winner.

Players other than the goalkeeper are not allowed to deliberately touch the ball with their hands or arms except during throw-in restart which takes place when the ball has left the field on the two longer boundary lines which are called touch lines. Besides the hands, all other parts of the body are allowed to handle the ball.

Soccer is considered a contact sport. In "contact" sports (eg, basketball and soccer), athletes routinely make contact with each other or inanimate objects (The soccer ball) but usually with less force than in collision sports (Rugby).

FIFA soccer rules  

On 1 July 2009, the new Laws of the Game, modified at the 123rd Annual General Meeting of the International Football Association Board (IFAB) in Newcastle, Northern Ireland on 28 February 2009, came into force

FIFA rules are as follows:

Field surface

Matches may be played on natural or artificial surfaces, according to the rules of the competition.

The colour of artificial surfaces must be green.

Where artificial surfaces are used in either competition matches between representative teams of member associations affiliated to FIFA or international club competition matches, the surface must meet the requirements of the FIFA Quality Concept for Football Turf or the International Artificial Turf Standard, unless special dispensation is given by FIFA.

Field markings

The field of play must be rectangular and marked with lines. These lines belong to the areas of which they are boundaries.
The two longer boundary lines are called touch lines. The two shorter lines are called goal lines.
The field of play is divided into two halves by a halfway line, which joins the midpoints of the two touch lines.
The centre mark is indicated at the midpoint of the halfway line. A circle with a radius of 9.15 m (10 yds) is marked around it.

Marks may be made off the fi eld of play, 9.15 m (10 yds) from the corner arc and at right angles to the goal lines and the touch lines, to ensure that defending players retreat this distance when a corner kick is being taken.


The length of the touch line must be greater than the length of the goal line.

Length (touch line): minimum 90 m (100 yds)
  maximum 120 m (130 yds)
Width (goal line): minimum 45 m (50 yds)
  maximum 90 m (100 yds)




All lines must be of the same width, which must be not more than 12 cm (5 ins).

International matches

Two lines are drawn at right angles to the goal line, 5.5 m (6 yds) from the inside of each goalpost. These lines extend into the fi eld of play for a distance of 5.5 m (6 yds) and are joined by a line drawn parallel with the goal line. The area bounded by these lines and the goal line is the goal area.

The penalty area

Two lines are drawn at right angles to the goal line, 16.5 m (18 yds) from the inside of each goalpost. These lines extend into the fi eld of play for a distance of 16.5 m (18 yds) and are joined by a line drawn parallel with the goal line.
The area bounded by these lines and the goal line is the penalty area.

Within each penalty area, a penalty mark is made 11 m (12 yds) from the midpoint between the goalposts and equidistant to them.
An arc of a circle with a radius of 9.15 m (10 yds) from the centre of each penalty mark is drawn outside the penalty area.


A flagpost, not less than 1.5 m (5 ft) high, with a non-pointed top and a flag must be placed at each corner.

Flagposts may also be placed at each end of the halfway line, not less than 1 m (1 yd) outside the touch line.

The corner arc

A quarter circle with a radius of 1 m (1 yd) from each corner fl agpost is drawn inside the field of play.


A goal must be placed on the centre of each goal line.

A goal consists of two upright posts equidistant from the corner flagposts and joined at the top by a horizontal crossbar. The goalposts and crossbar must be made of wood, metal or other approved material. They must be square, rectangular, round or elliptical in shape and must not be dangerous to players. The distance between the posts is 7.32 m (8 yds) and the distance from the lower edge of the crossbar to the ground is 2.44 m (8 ft).

Both goalposts and the crossbar have the same width and depth, which do not exceed 12 cm (5 ins). The goal lines must be of the same width as the goalposts and the crossbar. Nets may be attached to the goals and the ground behind the goal, provided that they are properly supported and do not interfere with the goalkeeper.

The goalposts and crossbars must be white.


Goals must be anchored securely to the ground. Portable goals may only be used if they satisfy this requirement.

The field of play

Corner flagpost

Metric measurements


Imperial measurements


Qualities and measurements

The ball is:

• Spherical (Round)
• Made of leather or other suitable material
• Of a circumference of not more than 70 cm (28 ins) and not less than 68 cm (27 ins)
• Not more than 450 g (16 oz) and not less than 410 g (14 oz) in weight at the start of the match
• Of a pressure equal to 0.6 – 1.1 atmosphere (600 – 1,100 g/cm2) at sea level (8.5 lbs/sq in – 15.6 lbs/sq in)

Replacement of a defective ball

If the ball bursts or becomes defective during the course of a match:

• the match is stopped
• the match is restarted by dropping the replacement ball at the place where the original ball became defective, unless play was stopped inside the goal area, in which case the referee drops the replacement ball on the goal area line parallel to the goal line at the point nearest to where the original ball was located when play was stopped.

If the ball bursts or becomes defective whilst not in play at a kick-off, goal kick, corner kick, free kick, penalty kick or throw-in:

• the match is restarted accordingly

The ball may not be changed during the match without the authority of the referee.

Decisions of the International F.A. Board

Decision 1

In addition to the requirements of Law 2, acceptance of a ball for use in matches played in an offi cial competition organised under the auspices of FIFA or the confederations is conditional upon the ball bearing one of the following:

• the official “FIFA APPROVED” logo
• the official “FIFA INSPECTED” logo


Optimized for 1024x768 (or Higher)  Screen Resolution & Printing Copyright © 2010 • All Rights Reserved • Volker Bause